Volume 3 | Issue 2 | October 2022-March 2023 | page: 96-108 | Hitesh N. Modi, Seung-Woo Suh, Jae-Young Hong, Jae-Hyuk Yang
Authors: Hitesh N. Modi [1, 2], Seung-Woo Suh , Jae-Young Hong , Jae-Hyuk Yang 
 Scoliosis Research Institute, Department of Orthopaedics, Korea University Guro Hospital, Seoul, South Korea.
 Department of Orthopaedics, Zydus Hospital and Healthcare Research Pvt Ltd, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India.
Address of Correspondence
Dr Seung-Woo Suh,
Scoliosis Research Institute, Department of Orthopaedics, Korea University Guro Hospital, 80 Guro-Dong, Guro-Gu, Seoul, South Korea.
Objectives: To find out if any disparity of the knowledge regarding the scoliosis, treatment, psychological status and treatment satisfaction between different groups of children based on age, follow-up or treatment modality (bracing or observation) and, between patients and their parents.
Summary of Background Data. There are numerous questionnaires available in scoliosis which specifically measures either operative outcome or bracing outcomes in terms of general appearance, psychological appearance or pain scores. There is no questionnaire available that evaluate the overall general knowledge, their psychological status regarding the treatment, knowledge regarding future such as progression of curve, marriage, pregnancy and health status as well as their expectations and choices from the treatment in conservatively treated AIS patients.
Methods: Study was conducted in 200 children with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) with age between 10 and 16 years. All 30 questions were divided into four subgroups to evaluate 1) General knowledge (Q 1-9); 2) Emotional and psychological status (Q 10-16); 3) Treatment knowledge (Q 17-25); and 4) Treatment satisfaction (Q 26-30). Results were evaluated based on treatment modality (bracing or observation); duration of follow-up (less than or more than 12 months), and age (less than or more than 13 years), and also between patients and parents.
Results: General knowledge remains the same (p>0.05) in all subgroups, while treatment knowledge was higher in parents (p<0.0001) and in patients with follow-up more than 12 months (p=0.0009) while age of patients didn’t show any difference (p=0.083). Psychological disturbances were found more in parents (p=0.046), and patients with longer follow-up (p=0.001) and higher age (p=0.002). Similarly, parents (p<0.0001), and patients with follow-up more than 12 months (0.011) and age more than 13 years (p=0.009) had higher treatment dissatisfaction. However, the treatment modality (bracing or observation) didn’t exhibit any difference (p>0.05) in any questionnaire.
Conclusion: We evaluated general and treatment knowledge, psychological and mental status and treatment satisfaction from a single and simple questionnaire in conservatively treated AIS subjects, which would provide useful information to handle the different issues involved with the disease.
Keywords: Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, Conservative treatment, Questionnaire, Evaluation.
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|How to Cite this Article: Modi HN, Suh SW, Hong JY, Yang JH | Patient and Parent’s Knowledge, Emotion and Expectation Evaluation in Conservatively Treated Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: A Prospective Randomized Study in 200 Children by a Simple Questionnaire | Back Bone: The Spine Journal | October 2022-March 2023; 3(2): 96-108. https://doi.org/10.13107/bbj.2022.v03i02.047