Volume 2 | Issue 1 | April-September 2021 | page: 27-32 | Hitesh N. Modi, Shakti A. Goel, Utsab Shrestha
Authors: Hitesh N. Modi , Shakti A. Goel  , Utsab Shrestha 
 Department of Spine Surgery, Zydus Hospital and Healthcare Research Pvt Ltd., Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India.
Address of Correspondence
Dr. Hitesh N. Modi,
Senior Consultant, Department of Spine Surgery, Zydus Hospital and Healthcare Research Pvt Ltd., SG Highway, Thaltej, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India 380054.
Objective: There is controversy in surgical management of cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM); a few group encourage only laminectomy or laminoplasty while the others emphasize on lateral mass fixation along with laminectomy. Cervical lordosis is an important factor for maintaining posture neck and preventing postoperative axial neck pain. Literature has reported that cervical lordosis less than -20 degrees is often responsible for neck pain. The purpose of this study was to evaluate clinical outcome and radiological parameters after posterior cervical laminectomy and fixation in CSM.
Material and Methods: This retrospective study included 37 patients operated with posterior cervical decompression and lateral mass screw fixation with minimum two-year follow-up. All patients were operated for CSM. All were operated by a single surgeon and followed up at six weeks, twelve weeks, six months, one year and yearly afterwards. Clinical outcome and radiological parameters were analyzed for clinical improvement [European Myelopathy Score (EMS)] and cervical lordotic angle.
Results: Average age 68±8.3 years. The cervical lordotic angle of -23.02±4.19 degrees was maintained in patients operated with lateral mass screw fixations along with laminectomy at final follow-up. The EMS and VAS score showed significant improvement postoperatively from 15.7 to 13.6 (p<0.05) and 8.1 to 1.5 (p<0.05), respectively. Three patients had postoperative C5 palsy that recovered completely within three months. Two patients expired within a few months after surgery due to acute myocardial infarction and respiratory arrest, respectively. There were three patients who had postoperative C5 palsy, which recovered completely within three months postoperatively. There was no permanent postoperative neurological deficit noticed in the series.
Conclusion: Posterior cervical lateral mass screw fixation for CSM gives satisfactory clinical outcome and maintains cervical lordosis. Lateral mass fixation with decompression helps preventing postoperative progressive kyphotic deformity of cervical spine after multilevel cervical laminectomy.
Keywords: Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy, Lateral Mass Screws, Cervical Lordosis, European Myelopathy Score.
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|How to Cite this Article: Modi HN, Goel SA, Shrestha U | Clinical and Radiological Evaluation of Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy Operated With Posterior Decompression and Lateral Mass Fixation- a Retrospective Review with Minimum Two Years Follow-Up | Back Bone: The Spine Journal | April-September 2021; 2(1): 27-32.|